Saturday, July 13, 2024

Breaking Down the Different Sub-Genres of Electronic Music Production

Discover the world of electronic music production with its various sub-genres offering its distinct sound. Learn about the evolution of these styles, their defining features, and the famous artists associated with them.

Are you drawn to the mesmerizing rhythms of techno or the lively beats of drum and bass? This guide is here to assist you in exploring the wide array of electronic music. Immerse yourself in the innovative and creative sounds that are shaping the music scene today.

Exploring the Diversity of Electronic Music

Electronic music offers a wide range of sub-genres, each showcasing its special traits and ways of creating music. This variety provides producers with the opportunity to explore and develop their unique sound.

House Music

House music started in Chicago in the early 1980s and has become popular in clubs around the world. It’s loved for its:

  • steady beat
  • soulful vocals
  • groovy basslines

Producers often use electronic music software like Ableton Live to make these catchy rhythms.


Techno-music originated in Detroit around the same time as house music, but it has a darker and more mechanical sound. It is known for its repetitive beats and synthesized sounds.

When making techno music, beginner producers can begin with basic loops. They can then add in more intricate elements as they go along.


Trance music is beloved for its uplifting melodies and euphoric breakdowns. It emerged in the 1990s, showcasing soaring synth lines and a consistent tempo.

Crafting trance music involves skillfully layering sounds to craft a rich audio experience. Many trance producers prefer using versatile software like FL Studio.

The Rise of Dubstep and Drum & Bass

Dubstep and drum & bass have carved out their niches in the electronic music scene. Each brings a unique energy to the dance floor.


Dubstep became more popular in the late 2000s for its deep basslines and unique rhythms. The “wobble” bass, a key feature, is created by adjusting low-frequency oscillators. Producers often rely on tools such as Massive or Serum to create these special sounds.

Drum & Bass

Drum & bass, also called DnB, is famous for its speedy breakbeats and deep basslines. It started in the UK and usually plays at speeds between 160 to 180 BPM.

Producers work hard to make intricate drum arrangements and strong basslines. They often use software like Reason for its great drum sequencing features.

Chillout and Ambient Music

Are you looking to create more relaxing and atmospheric tracks? Chillout and ambient music offer the perfect canvas.


Chillout music is designed to be relaxing and soothing, often featuring slow tempos and mellow melodies. Producers can use reverb and delay effects to create spacious soundscapes. Logic Pro X is a popular choice for chillout music production due to its robust suite of built-in instruments and effects.


Ambient music is all about crafting captivating soundscapes. Artists such as Brian Eno have led the way in this genre. In ambient tracks, you’ll find less of the usual song structure, with a greater focus on creating a rich and atmospheric experience.

Producers can play with field recordings and granular synthesis. This adds more layers and intricacy to their music.

The Nuances of EDM and Electro-Pop

EDM and electro-pop have dominated the charts in recent years, blending electronic production techniques with catchy, mainstream appeal.


Electronic Dance Music (EDM) covers various sub-genres like progressive house, big room, and future bass. EDM tracks are crafted for the dance floor, with energetic drops and catchy melodies. Producers commonly employ sidechain compression for the pulsing effect found in numerous EDM hits.


Electro-pop merges electronic production with pop elements, crafting catchy, radio-friendly tracks. Artists such as Charlie Puth and Dua Lipa have boosted this genre, using layered synths and refined vocals to produce innovative, accessible music.

Minimal Techno and Progressive House

Minimal techno and progressive house offer more nuanced takes on electronic music, focusing on subtle changes and evolving soundscapes.

Minimal Techno

Minimal techno simplifies elements for a clean, hypnotic sound. Producers use software synthesizers like Sylenth1 to craft intricate textures, focusing on subtle variations. The goal is to keep the arrangement simple yet engaging.

Progressive House

Progressive house has gradual build-ups and emotional peaks. Tracks include lush melodies and evolving chord progressions. Producers can use tools like the Rapid Flow Ableton Template for a polished sound.

Incorporating World Influences

Electronic music is a global phenomenon, and many sub-genres incorporate elements from different cultures.

Tropical House

Tropical house blends traditional house music with tropical instruments like steel drums and marimbas. The result is a laid-back, sun-soaked sound that’s perfect for summer vibes. Producers can use sample packs to add authentic tropical elements to their tracks.

Future Garage

Future Garage evolved from the UK garage scene, incorporating elements of dubstep, house, and ambient music. Known for its shuffling beats and atmospheric textures, Future Garage offers a unique and introspective listening experience. Producers often use pitch-shifting and time-stretching effects to create the genre’s signature sound.

The Art of Music Mixing and Mastering

No matter the sub-genre, mastering the technical aspects of beginner music production is crucial.

Mixing Techniques

Effective music mixing techniques ensure that all elements of a track sit well together. This involves balancing levels, EQing different frequencies, and adding effects like reverb and delay. Tools like iZotope Neutron can assist producers in achieving a professional mix.


Mastering is the final step in the production process, ensuring that tracks sound polished and cohesive across different playback systems. Producers can use software like Ozone to enhance the overall sound quality and achieve commercial loudness levels.

Building a Community

Engaging with other producers and listeners can provide valuable feedback and inspiration.

Online Forums

Participating in online forums like Gearslutz or Reddit’s r/edmproduction can help producers connect with peers, share tips, and get feedback on their work.

Social Media

Using social media platforms like Instagram and Twitter allows producers to showcase their work, engage with their audience, and stay up-to-date with industry trends. Building a strong online presence can lead to opportunities for collaboration and exposure.

Explore the Different Sub-Genres of Electronic Music Production

Understanding the different sub-genres of electronic music production is essential for any aspiring producer. Each style offers unique challenges and opportunities for creativity.

By exploring these sub-genres and using the right tools, you can elevate your craft. Mastering production techniques is key to making a mark in electronic music.

Ready to start your production journey? Dive into the world of electronic music and discover your sound today.

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